Common Procedures in Diagnosing Prostate Problems among Males
There are various treatment options for men when it comes to dealing with their prostate problems. There are invasive and non-invasive types of treatment. There are alternative medications as well as preventive measures. The first thing that needs to be determined is what exactly the prostate problem is. This can be determined through a prostate examination conducted by a medical expert on the male reproductive organ.
How Doctors Diagnose Prostate Problems
The doctor who specializes in the male reproductive organ is called Urologist. They are medically trained to specialize in the diagnosis, treatment and management or disorders relating to the urinary tract and the male reproductive system.
Prostate problems may also be referred to an Oncologist. An oncologist is a medical expert specializing in the treatment of cancer. An oncologist can specialize in a specific type of cancer. Men having problems with prostate cancer should look for an oncologist who specializes in prostate cancer.
The diagnosis of prostate problems starts with the gathering of medical history of a person. The doctor may also ask if there is a family history of prostate problems. This is because prostate cancer is hereditary and may develop with poor maintenance of health.
After acquiring the necessary medical information from the patient, the doctor will perform a physical examination. This is usually a rectal examination which many men find very awkward. The doctor inserts a gloved finger inside the rectum to feel the prostate and look for a hard mass and growth which may be a sign of cancer. If presence of growth is felt, further tests will be conducted. Additional tests will include blood testing as well as transrectal ultrasound.
Men who have a history of prostate problems in the family should start getting prostate examinations annually. The need to be checked is more urgent specially if the prostate is already enlarged or when there is already difficulty with urination.
Signs that a Man Should Go See a Doctor
Men who experience problems with urination should have themselves checked by their urologist. This can either be a sign of the common urinary tract infection or worse, a prostate problem. Some of the most common symptoms of prostate problems and prostate cancer include feeling the urge to urinate frequently, pain and burning sensation during urination, and unable to control the urge to urinate. When it comes to sexual acts, ejaculation is usually very painful and blood is often found in the urine and semen. Men who have prostate problems also find it hard to maintain erection. Physical pain is also an indicator as they will often feel pain in the hip, thigh, pelvis and lower back.
The swelling and inflammation of the prostate glands is what’s causing these difficulties. Swelling is caused by a bacterial infection inside the glands, making it difficult for the male organ to excrete these seminal fluids. It narrows the area where the urine and semen are supposed to be released. The narrowing also traps the bacteria within the organ and makes the condition even worse.
Doctors usually prescribe antibiotics to heal the infection. More serious cases such as prostate cancer will involve a more intensive type of treatment involving hormone therapy, laser therapy, chemotherapy or even surgical removal of the prostate gland.